Warning Signs for Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes that affect both children and adults.
Type-1 occurs when the body does not produce insulin, a hormone needed to turn food into energy. It’s controlled through insulin shots. Children are more likely to have type-1 diabetes.
Type-2 occurs when the body stops using insulin properly. Type-2 diabetes can be controlled through diet and exercise, as well as insulin shots. An increasingly high number of children—particularly Latino and African-American children—are being diagnosed with type-2 diabetes.
Warning signs for both type-1 and type-2 diabetes include:
- elevated blood sugar
- lack of bladder control or frequent urination
- extreme hunger or thirst
- unusual weight loss or gain
- blurred vision
Most often, type-2 diabetes has no symptoms and is diagnosed when health problems have already occurred. However, additional warning signs for type-2 diabetes include:
- frequent infections
- sores, cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
- tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- decreased vision
If a parent suspects their child might have diabetes, they should talk with their child’s pediatrician. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney problems and nerve damage.