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Warning Signs for Diabetes

January 7, 2013

melons and fruits

Diabetes Overview

There are two types of diabetes that affect both children and adults.

Type-1 occurs when the body does not produce insulin, a hormone needed to turn food into energy. It’s controlled through insulin shots. Children are more likely to have type-1 diabetes.

Type-2 occurs when the body stops using insulin properly. Type-2 diabetes can be controlled through diet and exercise, as well as insulin shots. An increasingly high number of children—particularly Latino and African-American children—are being diagnosed with type-2 diabetes.

Warning Signs

Warning signs for both type-1 and type-2 diabetes include:

  • elevated blood sugar
  • fatigue
  • lack of bladder control or frequent urination
  • extreme hunger or thirst
  • unusual weight loss or gain
  • blurred vision

Most often, type-2 diabetes has no symptoms and is diagnosed when health problems have already occurred. However, additional warning signs for type-2 diabetes include:

  • frequent infections
  • sores, cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • decreased vision

If a parent suspects their child might have diabetes, they should talk with their child’s pediatrician. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney problems and nerve damage.